Encapsulation

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Truvox Orbis 200
43CM (17 inch) – 200rpm standard speed, machine only.

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Truvox Cimex CRS38
Multi-purpose STRAIGHT LINE Rotary machine.

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Truvox Cimex CR48
Multi-purpose machine.

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Encapsulation carpet cleaning method

How does encapsulation carpet cleaning work?  It is a dry carpet cleaning method that uses small amounts of moisture which is used as part of the interim scheduled maintenance of carpets for commercial and industrial premises. But how does it really work?

When using the traditional carpet cleaning methods, the carpets take a long time to dry due to the products used in the cleaning process. Another problem is that the chemical residues attract dirt, so the carpets are dirty  again within a very small period of time. In the long run this increases the costs of carpets maintenance. The most widely used technique for carpet cleaning is emulsification. This  method uses chemicals that help suspend the soils by eliminating surfactant molecules. These molecules are attracted to the dirt particles, making it easy to remove them. Although this appears to be an effective way of cleaning carpets, when the rinsing is not undertaken properly, residues remain present in the carpet.

The carpet encapsulation method, on the other hand, uses chemicals that do not leave any particules in the carpet. Although detergents, solvents and surfactants are present in most of the chemicals used for encapsulation carpet cleaning, there are also two major components that make a major difference between these products and the ones used during the traditional carpet cleaning methods. These are:

  1. Fluorochemical Protection – only found in some encapsulating chemicals
    Fluorochemical protection is a fibre protector that works against stains. By coating the clean fibres, it prevents the soiling or staining of carpets and keep the fibres cleaner for longer periods of time. Another advantage is that the carpet cleaning process becomes much simplier and takes a lot less time to complete.
  2. Encapsulating or Crystallising Polymers
    Once the encapsulation carpet cleaning process is completed and as it dries, the encapsulating polymers are released around any remaining detergent molecules that could have been left behind during the cleaning process, encapsulating them into a brittle, non-sticky crystals that are easily removed by vacuuming as these crystals are similar to powder. This process is known as “brittle dry down”.

All products are different and the quality of the chemicals used in the production of encapsulating cleaning products can vary a lot. Therefore, it is crucial to do some research and to be very careful when buying these products in order use of all the properties and benefits these kinds of chemicals have to offer.

The encapsulation cleaning technique can’t be undertaken without a suitable machine that has brushes that can be planetary, rotary, cylindrical or orbital. Their main function will be to scrub the carpet with the encapsulation chemicals. There are also some machines that include pad holders, so that bonnets or pads can be used as needed.

The encapsulation carpet cleaning technique is perfect for cleaning carpets that are not too dirty or soiled. The easiest is to do it in between deep cleaning processes such as hot water extraction. This way the deep cleaning processes won’t be needed too frequently.

What are the benefits of the carpet encapsulation cleaning method?

  • The drying time is very short, between 20 to 30 minutes
  • No discoloration from stains
  • Quiet machines
  • Carpets remain cleaner for long periods of time
  • The air quality inside is improved
  • No need to rinse as it does not leave any residues
  • Meets the environmental standards and the chemicals are biodegradable
  • The life of the carpet fibres is increased
  • It is an easy system and safe to use
  • Low investment and running costs, which save money and increase profit margins
  • Improves the workers’ environment and their health and safety
  • It is a easy and quick method to apply, saving time and money
  • The training of staff, if required, is very easy
  • Consumption of water and detergent is decreased
  • Decrease on costs per metre on products
  • The fluorochemical protector makes the fibres more soil-resistant
  • Non-caustic and non-toxic chemicals

The application of the carpet encapsulation cleaning method is ideal for:

  1. Carpets in commercial spaces
  2. Carpets that are used all the time and require fast drying
  3. Carpets that are low or medium soiled
  4. Complementing a rigorous carpet cleaning program that includes hot water extraction

The encapsulation cleaning method is not a technique recommended for deep carpet cleaning. However, it is a great solution for interim maintenance of commercial premises where carpets need regular cleaning. Although this cleaning method has its limitations, if used correctly and as part of a more complete and thorough carpet cleaning program, important benefits and cost savings can be achieved.